Feb. 5, 2019
It can easily be said that 3D designing tools have become a revolution in the way that engineers and architects create their building designs. For example, parametric modeling has provided Building Teams a way to incorporate weight tolerances and various other types of information into their finalized designs. However, most designers who utilize 3D technology will tell you that they use this technology in their conceptual design stages too. This is when they don’t actually require building information that is highly detailed. This can also provide a plethora of advantages, as well.
Using tools, such as Autodesk 3ds MAX, Luxology’s Modo 401, Z Corporation’s 3D printing solutions and Google SketchUp, will allow an architect to form models and renderings that will demonstrate how a design will appear in dynamic fashion in order to show them to a prospective client along with members of a Building Team. In addition, these tools will also assist a designer when it comes to their sculpting, painting and 3D environment drawing in a manner that feels more natural in 2019, than in the past. This technology accommodates those who wish to have a simple-to-use tool that transcends the difficulties that once existed between being appealing and having more functionality.
SketchUp conceptual design
Having been originally developed as a generalized 3D content application, SketchUp was introduced in 2002. It was created in order to provide professional designers a way to draw on a computer monitor in the same manner as they could through the use of a paper and pen. Its simplistic interface allowed the designer to play around with their designs in a manner that just wasn’t possible with previous designing software. It allows you to draw your design in a style reminiscent of 2D using a patented “push-pull” technology.
Afterwards, it will allow you to transfer that design to a 3D format. Since Google bought the company (2006), additional features have been included. One of these features involves an integration of the software with Google Earth. This way, geospatial data can be incorporated with a completed design that resides in a particular environment.
Both construction and architect professionals have stated that they are impressed by the newfound freedom associated with creating designs and mock-ups with the use of a mouse operating as a pen. In addition, since many projects involve limited design details, SketchUp will provide a way to illustrate the way that the design will actually be built using only a very limited
2D sketch. For example, a large hospital can be presented as a 3D model with only a simple 2D sketch as a basis for the design. At that point, the subsequent 3D design can actually be constructed without coordination problems.
The Google SketchUp free version has the ability to export a 3D design to a .kmz, dae., and .skp format. The complete Pro version will support; .wrl, .xsi, .obj, .fbx, .dxf, .dwg, .dae, and .3ds files, as well. The new version will integrate its Component Browser with Google’s 3D Warehouse (stored models that SketchUp users have made). It also features; photograph extracted views, components that are designed to respond correctly to scaling and a Ruby app interface. The integration with Ruby will allow the designer to create their own tools and then import those tools with the API.
3D design printing
Since the availability of technology that will deliver 3D designs, it is no longer necessary to physically shop-build models. This, in essence has provided a completely different type of designer workflow. Even so, there are still some clients who demand physical models in order to show interested parties design intent. You’ll usually find this with clients who are all that familiar with computers. Fortunately, Z Corporation’s product technology provides a way to take 3S f8iles and use them to “print” resin and powder models that are minutely detailed. The best part that this will only take hours, rather than days!
Here, you have the ability to create a perfect 3D model in the manner that you intended, rather than the way the model shop employee views it. This compliment to 3D tools and BIM is being utilized more and more by smaller companies as a way to set themselves apart from other firms. These 3D printers include; the Z Corp 510 3D printer and the Z Corporation 650 3D printer. In addition, the cost of material for printing models has decreased to approximately $5-3 per material cubic inch. CMYK color can also be used in order to allow the designer the freedom of showing what they would like to illustrate. Z editpro texture and color-matching software comes with every Z Corp printer. Also, just about every 3D design program can export a file to the Z Corp .stl format in order to print in 3D.
Rendering realistically with modo 401
While films, virtual reality and video games employ 3D rendering, 3D animation has evolved into a far more versatile tool that can now also be effectively employed in architecture rendering. One of these tools is modo 401 which was recently released by Luxology. It incorporates such features; as 3D painting, subdivision surfaces, sculpting, modeling, animation, rendering and advanced polygon imaging. One of the advantages of modo is the ability to combine a smaller number of basic tools in order to modify them. This is different than other 3D rendering applications that present a large number of tools, in which each one is specific to a certain task.
The founder and CEO of Luxology, Brad Peebler, noted that the actual cost of high-end 3D falls onto the advanced training and the hours that it takes to make something. So Luxology wanted to create a program that was both scalable and intuitive in order to make rendering both better and faster. Because of this, modo allows the designer to paint on the actual surface of the models. It makes a combination of tools available, along with inks and brushes that can be adapted into various styles and effects. One example of this consists of “clone” and “airbrush” tools that can be used in conjunction with either a soft or hard digital brush. The program also has the ability to render highly detailed textures, like concrete, stucco and asphalt.
It can easily be seen that when one works with forms, there is an artistic quality that’s employed. With modo, you have the ability to adjust the quality of the light, similar to representing light in a painting. But the tools are simple, easy to learn and powerful. In addition, modo is compatible and integrated into Bentley Microstation as well as Solidworks. The renderer in modo is a ray-tracer that is physically based and includes stereoscopic rendering and dispersion features.
The best engineering tool is still the human hand
The human hand is still considered the most crucial part of the design industry. This is why designers can still be required to extensively utilize Maya and Autodesk 3ds digital animation, compositing and rendering tools. Philip Ra, the Yazdani senior associate has pointed out that the company will typically do 20 – 40 single design iterations. In an extreme example, Ra and his team created over 200 designs of a bridge in just one month for the capital of China's Sichuan province. This was accomplished by using Autodesk’s 3ds Max rendering, modeling and animation package.
When using advanced tools like 3ds Max, it can easily be predicted that 2019 will see an ever-widening revolution in the architectural and design world. This is occurring for two very important reasons. First of all, you have a situation in which software has been extensively been improved in order to provide designers what they really want in order to impress clients. Secondly, computing power has increased to the point where the full potential of the 3D software can be used and still be highly cost-effective.