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categories: 3D Rendering , 3D Animation

3D modelling and animation have undergone a revolutionary change thanks to recent technological advancements. These developments have not only enhanced the quality and capabilities of 3D modelling but have also made it more accessible and cost-effective. This article delves into the multifaceted impacts of these advancements on various industries, focusing on entrepreneurship.

The world of 3D rendering has undergone a significant transformation over the past decade. From the introduction of powerful graphics cards to the development of AI-driven tools, the industry has evolved, however, in many ways a lot of things feel the same. This blog post explores these advancements, highlighting key technologies and tools that have revolutionized the field.

Technological Advancements in 3D from 2014 to 2024 UPDATED

Hardware advancements:

Graphics Cards: Then vs. Now

The advancements in graphics cards have been pivotal in the evolution of 3D rendering. Here's a comparison of five popular graphics cards from 2014 and their modern counterparts in 2024:

  1. NVIDIA GeForce GTX 980 (2014) vs. NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 (2024)

    • CUDA Cores: GTX 980 had 2048 cores, while the RTX 4080 boasts 8704 cores.

    • Render Time Speed: The RTX 4080 offers up to 10 times faster rendering speeds compared to the GTX 980.

  2. AMD Radeon R9 290X (2014) vs. AMD Radeon RX 7900 XT (2024)

    • Stream Processors: R9 290X had 2816, whereas RX 7900 XT has 5120.

    • Render Time Speed: The RX 7900 XT is approximately 8 times faster in rendering tasks.

  3. NVIDIA Quadro K5200 (2014) vs. NVIDIA RTX A6000 (2024)

    • CUDA Cores: Quadro K5200 had 2304, while RTX A6000 has 10752.

    • Render Time Speed: RTX A6000 offers 12 times faster rendering performance.

  4. AMD FirePro W9100 (2014) vs. AMD Radeon Pro W6800 (2024)

    • Stream Processors: FirePro W9100 had 2816, Radeon Pro W6800 has 3840.

    • Render Time Speed: Radeon Pro W6800 is about 6 times faster in rendering.

  5. NVIDIA Tesla K80 (2014) vs. NVIDIA Tesla V100 (2024)

    • CUDA Cores: Tesla K80 had 4992, while Tesla V100 has 5120.

    • Render Time Speed: Tesla V100 is around 7 times faster in rendering complex scenes.

Despite these advancements, graphics cards remain expensive due to several factors: the high cost of advanced semiconductor manufacturing, increasing demand for high-performance computing in gaming and professional fields, and supply chain challenges exacerbated by global events.

Central Processing Units (CPUs)

In 2014, CPUs were essential for 3D rendering but were often bottlenecked by lower core counts and slower speeds. Intel's Core i7 processors with up to 8 cores were popular among 3D artists. By 2024, CPUs have advanced with significantly higher core counts and better multi-threading capabilities. Processors like AMD's Ryzen 9 series and Intel's Core i9 series offer up to 64 cores, dramatically speeding up rendering tasks. Improved architecture and higher clock speeds have further enhanced single-threaded performance, benefiting both rendering and general computing tasks.

Memory (RAM)

In 2014, systems typically had 16-32 GB of RAM, which was adequate but sometimes insufficient for very large projects. DDR3 was the standard, with limited speed and bandwidth. By 2024, high-end workstations now feature up to 128 GB or more of DDR5 RAM, which offers higher speeds and greater bandwidth, allowing for more efficient handling of large datasets and complex scenes. Improved memory technology reduces latency and increases data transfer rates, enhancing overall system performance.


In 2014, Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) were still common for storage, with Solid State Drives (SSDs) being used primarily for operating systems and frequently accessed files. SSDs provided faster read/write speeds but were relatively expensive and had limited capacity. By 2024, NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory Express) SSDs have become the standard, offering significantly faster data transfer speeds than traditional SSDs and HDDs. Storage capacities have increased, with 2 TB and 4 TB NVMe SSDs becoming more affordable, enabling quicker loading times and smoother performance in rendering applications.

Cooling Systems

In 2014, air cooling was the standard for most systems, with liquid cooling being used in high-end or custom builds. Thermal management was a challenge, especially for extended rendering sessions. By 2024, advanced liquid cooling systems have become more common and efficient, providing better thermal management and allowing hardware to maintain optimal performance under heavy loads. Innovative cooling solutions, such as vapor chambers and custom loop systems, ensure that modern GPUs and CPUs operate at their best without thermal throttling.

Display Technology

In 2014, monitors were primarily 1080p, with 4K displays being a luxury item. Color accuracy and refresh rates were less advanced, impacting the precision of visual work. By 2024, 4K and even 8K monitors are now standard in professional settings, offering higher resolution and better color accuracy. High dynamic range (HDR) displays provide a wider color gamut and better contrast, crucial for accurate rendering work. Higher refresh rates (up to 144Hz and beyond) offer smoother visuals and reduce eye strain during prolonged work sessions.

These hardware advancements have collectively empowered artists, designers, and engineers to push the boundaries of what is possible in 3D rendering, enabling more complex, detailed, and realistic visualizations than ever before.


How rendering software has changed in the past 10 years

The decade from 2014 to 2024 has seen remarkable advancements in render engine technology. These changes have significantly impacted the fields of 3D modeling, animation, and visual effects, making rendering faster, more efficient, and capable of producing more realistic results. Here, we explore the key developments in render engines over this period.

Introduction of Real-Time Ray Tracing

2014: Early Experiments and Limitations

In 2014, ray tracing was primarily used in offline rendering due to its computational intensity. While it could produce highly realistic images by simulating the physical behavior of light, it was too slow for real-time applications. Engines like V-Ray and Arnold were leading the charge in offline ray tracing, producing stunning visuals but with significant render times.

2024: Real-Time Ray Tracing Becomes Mainstream

By 2024, real-time ray tracing has become a standard feature in many render engines, thanks to advances in GPU technology and dedicated hardware like NVIDIA's RTX series. Engines such as Unreal Engine and Unity now support real-time ray tracing, enabling highly realistic lighting and reflections in video games and interactive applications. This leap has allowed for more immersive experiences and has brought cinematic quality to real-time applications.

AI and Machine Learning Integration

2014: Limited AI Use

In 2014, AI and machine learning were not yet integrated into rendering workflows. Render engines relied on traditional algorithms and manual optimizations to enhance image quality and reduce noise.

2024: AI-Enhanced Rendering(still fairly limited)

By 2024, AI and machine learning play a role in rendering. AI-driven denoising algorithms, such as those used in NVIDIA OptiX, can clean up noisy renders in a fraction of the time required by traditional methods. 

Hybrid Rendering Techniques

2014: Primarily Rasterization or Ray Tracing

In 2014, render engines typically relied on either rasterization for real-time applications or ray tracing for offline, high-quality renders. Hybrid techniques were limited and not widely adopted.

2024: Advanced Hybrid Rendering

By 2024, hybrid rendering techniques have matured, combining the best of rasterization and ray tracing. Engines like Unreal Engine 5 use hybrid methods, employing real-time ray tracing for critical elements like reflections and global illumination while using rasterization for other parts. This approach balances performance and quality, making high-fidelity rendering achievable in real-time applications.

PBR (Physically Based Rendering) Adoption

2014: Emerging Standard

In 2014, Physically Based Rendering (PBR) was emerging as a standard for creating materials and lighting that behave realistically under varied lighting conditions. Engines like Unity and Unreal were beginning to incorporate PBR workflows.

2024: Universal PBR Workflow

By 2024, PBR has become the universal standard across all major render engines. It ensures consistent and realistic material appearance across different platforms and lighting conditions. This standardization has simplified asset creation and improved the visual quality of 3D content.

Improved Light Transport Algorithms

2014: Basic Path Tracing

In 2014, path tracing was one of the primary methods for simulating light transport in high-quality render engines. While effective, it was slow and required significant computational resources.

2024: Advanced Light Transport

By 2024, light transport algorithms have advanced significantly. Techniques like bidirectional path tracing, Metropolis light transport, and photon mapping have become more efficient and integrated into render engines. These improvements enable faster convergence to high-quality images, reducing render times and enhancing realism.

User-Friendly Interfaces and Automation

2014: Manual Tweaks and Technical Expertise Required

In 2014, setting up a render required significant manual tweaking and technical expertise. User interfaces were often complex, and achieving optimal results involved extensive trial and error.

2024: Intuitive Interfaces and Automated Processes

By 2024, render engines have become more user-friendly, with intuitive interfaces and automated processes. AI-driven tools can automatically optimize render settings based on scene analysis, and user interfaces have become more streamlined, reducing the learning curve for new users and increasing productivity for professionals.

Integration with Other Technologies

2014: Limited Integration

In 2014, render engines were primarily standalone applications with limited integration with other technologies and platforms.

2024: Seamless Integration with VR, AR, and Other Platforms

By 2024, render engines are seamlessly integrated with virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and other emerging technologies. This integration allows for real-time visualization and interaction, making it possible to render high-quality visuals directly in VR and AR environments.

Specific Software tool technological advancements

Simplified Rendering with SketchUp

SketchUp has democratized 3D rendering by providing user-friendly plugins that raise the quality bar for architectural renderings. Tools like V-Ray and Enscape integrate seamlessly, allowing architects to produce high-quality renderings without deep technical knowledge, making professional-grade visualizations accessible to a broader audience.

Lumion improvements over the years

Lumion has undergone significant transformations from 2014 to 2024, evolving into a powerful and essential tool for architects, designers, and visualizers. In 2014, Lumion was already recognized for its user-friendly interface and ability to produce quick and visually appealing renderings. However, its capabilities were somewhat limited in terms of realism and advanced features.

Key Changes from 2014 to 2024:

  1. Rendering Quality:

    • 2014: Lumion provided good quality renderings with basic lighting and shadow effects. The focus was primarily on speed and ease of use, which sometimes compromised the photorealism of the final output.

    • 2024: Lumion now offers hyper-realistic rendering capabilities with advanced features like ray tracing, global illumination, and detailed reflections. The quality of textures, materials, and environmental effects has improved drastically, making the renderings almost indistinguishable from real-life photographs.

  2. Real-time Rendering:

    • 2014: Real-time rendering was relatively basic, suitable for quick previews and adjustments but lacking in high detail and realism.

    • 2024: Lumion's real-time rendering engine has become incredibly powerful, allowing users to make changes and see the results instantly with near-final quality. This feature significantly speeds up the design process and enhances client presentations.

  3. Library of Assets:

    • 2014: Lumion had a modest library of assets, including trees, people, and furniture, which were somewhat limited in variety and realism.

    • 2024: The asset library has expanded exponentially, featuring thousands of high-quality, customizable objects, including diverse vegetation, detailed characters, and a wide range of furniture and decor. These assets help create more immersive and lifelike scenes.

  4. Ease of Use and Interface:

    • 2014: Lumion was known for its intuitive interface, but it required users to have some experience with 3D modeling to achieve the best results.

    • 2024: The interface has been refined further to enhance usability. New features such as AI-driven tools, automated workflows, and guided tutorials have made it even more accessible to beginners while still providing advanced options for experienced users.

  5. Integration and Compatibility:

    • 2014: Integration with other software was basic, often requiring multiple steps to import and export models.

    • 2024: Lumion now offers seamless integration with major design software such as Revit, SketchUp, and Rhino. LiveSync technology enables real-time synchronization between Lumion and these programs, allowing for a more efficient workflow.

  6. Virtual Reality and Immersive Experiences:

    • 2014: VR capabilities were in their infancy, with limited functionality and hardware compatibility.

    • 2024: Lumion has embraced virtual reality, providing robust support for VR headsets and creating immersive, interactive experiences. This allows clients to explore designs in a more engaging and intuitive way.

These advancements have solidified Lumion's position as a leading tool in architectural visualization, making it indispensable for professionals aiming to create stunning, realistic renderings quickly and efficiently. For more information on Lumion's latest features and capabilities, you can visit their official website.


Real-Time Rendering

Unreal Engine:

  • Advancement: Unreal Engine has made significant strides in real-time rendering, allowing for near-photorealistic graphics and interactive environments. Its use of real-time ray tracing enhances lighting, shadows, and reflections, making it a powerful tool for both game development and animated films.

  • Link: Unreal Engine


  • Advancement: Unity has also improved its real-time rendering capabilities with the introduction of the High Definition Render Pipeline (HDRP). This allows for advanced graphics features like volumetric lighting and post-processing effects, enabling higher quality animations.

  • Link: Unity

Ray Tracing


  • Advancement: NVIDIA's RTX GPUs support real-time ray tracing, which has transformed the quality of lighting and shadowing in animations. This technology simulates the physical behavior of light, producing more realistic visuals.

  • Link: NVIDIA RTX


  • Advancement: Blender’s Cycles renderer has incorporated ray tracing capabilities, allowing for more realistic rendering of scenes. This open-source software provides high-quality rendering tools accessible to all animators.

  • Link: Blender

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning


  • Advancement: DeepMotion uses AI to automate the process of character animation, particularly motion capture cleanup and animation generation from video. This reduces manual effort and speeds up the animation process.

  • Link: DeepMotion

Adobe Character Animator:

  • Advancement: This software leverages AI to automate lip-syncing and facial animations. It uses machine learning to map real-time facial expressions and movements onto animated characters.

  • Link: Adobe Character Animator

Motion Capture and Performance Capture


  • Advancement: Xsens provides advanced motion capture suits that offer high precision and flexibility. The MVN system captures detailed full-body motion data, which can be used to animate characters with high accuracy.

  • Link: Xsens


  • Advancement: Vicon’s motion capture systems are known for their high fidelity and have been used in major film and game productions. Their technology allows for detailed performance capture, including facial expressions and body movements.

  • Link: Vicon

Virtual Production

Epic Games Unreal Engine with LED Volume Stages:

  • Advancement: Unreal Engine’s integration with LED volume stages has revolutionized virtual production. This technology allows for real-time rendering of backgrounds during live-action filming, as seen in "The Mandalorian," enabling seamless integration of animated and live-action elements.

  • Link: Unreal Engine Virtual Production


  • Advancement: Disguise provides a platform for real-time content creation and projection mapping, essential for virtual production. Their technology allows for dynamic, interactive sets that respond in real-time to actor movements and camera angles.

  • Link: Disguise

Cloud Computing

Google Cloud:

  • Advancement: Google Cloud offers scalable rendering services that can handle large-scale animation projects. Their infrastructure supports high-performance computing and storage, making it easier for studios to render complex scenes without significant hardware investments.

  • Link: Google Cloud

AWS (Amazon Web Services):

  • Advancement: AWS provides cloud-based rendering solutions with services like AWS ThinkBox, which offers powerful rendering capabilities and seamless integration with popular animation software.

  • Link: AWS ThinkBox

Procedural Animation


  • Advancement: Houdini by SideFX has become the industry standard for procedural animation. Its node-based approach allows for the creation of complex simulations like smoke, fire, and crowds, automating repetitive tasks and enabling more intricate animations.

  • Link: Houdini

Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Tilt Brush by Google:

  • Advancement: Tilt Brush enables artists to paint in 3D space using a VR headset. This innovative tool allows for the creation of dynamic and interactive animations in a three-dimensional environment, offering new possibilities for artistic expression.

  • Link: Tilt Brush

High-Resolution Texturing and Scanning

Quixel Megascans:

  • Advancement: Quixel Megascans provides a vast library of high-resolution scanned assets, including textures, surfaces, and 3D models. This resource allows animators to incorporate ultra-realistic materials into their projects, enhancing the overall quality and detail.

  • Link: Quixel Megascans


  • Advancement: RealityCapture is a photogrammetry software that creates highly detailed 3D models from photographs. This tool enables animators to generate accurate digital representations of real-world objects, which can be used to add realistic elements to animations.

  • Link: RealityCapture

Collaboration and Workflow Integration

Autodesk ShotGrid (formerly Shotgun):

  • Advancement: Autodesk ShotGrid offers a robust production tracking and review platform for animation studios. It integrates seamlessly with other tools like Maya and 3ds Max, streamlining collaboration and project management.

  • Link: Autodesk ShotGrid


  • Advancement: Ftrack provides a cloud-based project management tool tailored for creative teams, allowing for efficient collaboration, task tracking, and review processes. It supports integration with popular animation software, enhancing workflow efficiency.

  • Link: Ftrack

Animation Software Improvements


  • Advancement: Blender has seen numerous updates, including a complete overhaul of its user interface, improved sculpting tools, and the addition of the powerful Eevee real-time rendering engine. Blender’s open-source nature ensures continuous improvement and accessibility for all animators.

  • Link: Blender

Cinema 4D:

  • Advancement: Cinema 4D has introduced features like the Field Forces for dynamic simulations, improved MoGraph tools for motion graphics, and enhanced rendering capabilities with Redshift integration. These advancements make it a versatile tool for both 3D modeling and animation.

  • Link: Cinema 4D


Enhanced 3D Modeling with 3ds Max

3ds Max continues to be a cornerstone in 3D modeling, introducing tools that simplify complex modeling tasks. Features like the "Smart Extrude" and "Chamfer Modifier" provide more intuitive control and flexibility, enabling faster and more precise modeling workflows. These tools reduce the time and effort required to create detailed models, enhancing productivity for professionals.

Photoshop’s Generative Image Editor

Adobe Photoshop has integrated generative AI capabilities into its image editor, allowing users to make sophisticated edits to 3D renders. This tool can automatically adjust lighting, textures, and other elements, significantly speeding up post-processing and enhancing the final output's realism and quality.

AI Frame Rate Enhancers

AI-driven frame rate enhancers are revolutionizing animation by reducing render times. Leading tools include:

  • NVIDIA DLSS (Deep Learning Super Sampling): Utilizes AI to upscale lower-resolution images in real-time, improving performance without sacrificing quality.

  • AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution (FSR): An open-source AI upscaling technology that enhances frame rates and visual fidelity.

  • Intel XeSS (Xe Super Sampling): Uses AI to boost frame rates in graphics-intensive applications.

AI Floorplan Generators: Then vs. Now

AI floorplan generators have come a long way since 2014. Early tools offered basic layout suggestions based on user input. Today, advanced AI models like Spacemaker and RoomGPT can generate detailed and optimized floorplans considering numerous factors such as sunlight, airflow, and spatial efficiency, providing architects with intelligent and adaptable design solutions.

Virtual Tours: Then vs. Now

Virtual tours have also seen remarkable advancements over the past decade. In 2014, virtual tours were often limited by lower resolution graphics and less interactive elements, making them a far cry from the immersive experiences we see today. With the integration of high-definition 3D modeling, real-time rendering, and interactive hotspots, modern virtual tours offer a lifelike experience that allows users to explore environments as if they were physically present. These tours are now widely used in real estate, tourism, and education, providing an invaluable tool for showcasing spaces and engaging audiences in a way that was previously unimaginable.

AI Modeling Tools

AI has also revolutionized 3D modeling with tools like:

  • DeepSketch2Face: Converts sketches into 3D face models.

  • MeshCNN: Applies convolutional neural networks to 3D meshes for automated enhancements.

  • NVIDIA GauGAN: Turns simple doodles into photorealistic images, aiding in the conceptual phase of modeling.

Humans in animation have changed (even if humans making the animations haven’t)

Over the past decade, advancements in human animation have been profound, and Anima has been at the forefront of this revolution. The updated motion capture packs from Anima have dramatically enhanced the realism and fluidity of human movements in animations. Ten years ago, animation packs often produced clunky and unnatural movements that detracted from the viewer's experience. Today, Anima's motion capture technology captures even the subtlest nuances of human motion, resulting in animations that are lifelike and engaging. This is achieved through advanced algorithms and high-fidelity data capture, which ensure that every gesture, expression, and movement is accurately represented.

Moreover, Anima's latest motion capture packs are designed to integrate seamlessly with a wide range of 3D modeling and animation software, making them incredibly versatile for various applications, from video games and movies to virtual reality and architectural visualization. These advancements not only improve the aesthetic quality of animations but also enhance the efficiency of the animation process, reducing the time and effort required to create high-quality human movements.

For more details on the latest motion capture technology and to explore how it can enhance your animation projects, visit the Anima website.

On that note,

Technology has changed but the root of the job remains the same

The Human Element in Animation

Despite these technological advancements, animation remains a complex art form that requires human creativity and expertise. While AI tools can assist with repetitive tasks and enhance efficiency, the nuances of character development, storytelling, and emotional expression still depend on skilled animators. Consequently, animation production remains an expensive and labor-intensive process.

3D Modeling: Core Principles Endure

Fundamentals of 3D Modeling

In 2014, 3D modeling involved creating three-dimensional objects using software such as Blender, Autodesk Maya, and 3ds Max. Artists used vertices, edges, and polygons to shape models, which was a meticulous and time-consuming process. Fast forward to 2024, and these basic principles remain unchanged. While new tools and features have been introduced to streamline workflows and enhance capabilities, the fundamental process of manipulating geometric shapes to create models persists.

Continued Use of Popular Software

Blender, Maya, and 3ds Max were industry standards in 2014, and they continue to be dominant in 2024. These programs have seen numerous updates and improvements, incorporating advanced features like AI-assisted modeling and real-time collaboration. However, the core functionalities and user interfaces have evolved rather than been revolutionized, maintaining a sense of continuity for users who have worked with these tools for years.

Modeling Techniques and Skills

The techniques required for high-quality 3D modeling, such as understanding topology, mastering texturing, and having a strong sense of spatial awareness, remain critical. Even with the advent of more automated and intuitive tools, the skill and artistry of the modeler are irreplaceable. The learning curve for becoming proficient in 3D modeling remains steep, and the artistic principles governing effective design are timeless.

Animation: The Art and Craft Remain

Fundamental Animation Principles

In 2014, animators relied on foundational principles such as timing, spacing, and squash and stretch, as outlined in the classic "12 Principles of Animation" by Disney animators Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas. These principles are as relevant in 2024 as they were then. Despite the advancements in animation software and techniques, creating compelling and lifelike animations still hinges on these core concepts.

Software Evolution with Consistent Goals

Software like Adobe After Effects, Autodesk Maya, and Toon Boom Harmony have been instrumental in animation production for years. While these tools have advanced significantly, introducing features like AI-based inbetweening and more intuitive rigging systems, the underlying goals of the software—creating smooth, believable animations—remain the same. Animators still need to plan scenes, create storyboards, and meticulously adjust keyframes to bring characters and objects to life.

The Role of the Animator

Despite technological advancements, the role of the animator remains largely unchanged. Creativity, storytelling, and an understanding of motion dynamics are still crucial. While tools have become more powerful and offer greater automation, they augment rather than replace the animator's skill and vision. Human creativity and insight are irreplaceable in crafting engaging and emotionally resonant animations.

The Underrated Skill of Setting Up Camera Paths

One aspect of animation that often goes underappreciated is the skill of setting up camera paths. While it may seem like a simple task, it requires a deep understanding of cinematography, composition, and storytelling to execute effectively.

Understanding Camera Dynamics

Setting up a camera path involves more than just moving a camera from point A to point B. Animators need to consider how the camera movement impacts the viewer's perception and understanding of the scene. This includes determining the speed, angle, and trajectory of the camera to create a desired emotional response or to highlight specific elements within the scene.

Creating a Sense of Space

A well-designed camera path can create a sense of space and depth, enhancing the viewer's immersion in the animated world. This involves carefully planning the camera's movement in relation to the characters and environment, ensuring that the viewer's attention is directed appropriately. This skill is crucial in both action-packed scenes, where dynamic camera movements can heighten tension and excitement, and in more subtle scenes, where gentle camera movements can evoke a sense of calm and intimacy.

Composition and Framing

Good camera paths also require a strong understanding of composition and framing. Animators must consider how each frame of the animation will look as the camera moves, ensuring that key elements are appropriately placed within the shot. This involves understanding concepts such as the rule of thirds, leading lines, and focal points, and using these principles to create visually appealing and effective compositions.

Storytelling Through Camera Movement

Camera paths are a powerful storytelling tool. By carefully designing the camera's movement, animators can guide the viewer's attention, build tension, and convey emotions. For instance, a slow zoom can create a sense of foreboding or focus attention on a critical detail, while a quick pan can convey urgency or action. Mastering the art of camera movement allows animators to add a layer of narrative depth to their work, enhancing the overall storytelling.

Technical Proficiency

On the technical side, setting up camera paths requires proficiency with animation software. Animators must be familiar with the tools and features available for camera manipulation, such as keyframes, curves, and constraints. They need to understand how to use these tools to create smooth and natural camera movements, avoiding issues such as jittering or unnatural acceleration. This technical proficiency is essential for translating creative ideas into polished, professional animations.

Collaboration and Communication

In larger animation projects, camera paths are often designed in collaboration with directors, cinematographers, and other team members. Effective communication and collaboration skills are essential to ensure that the camera movements align with the overall vision for the project. Animators must be able to take direction, provide feedback, and work collaboratively to achieve the desired result.

Attention to Detail

Finally, setting up camera paths requires meticulous attention to detail. Even small errors or inconsistencies in camera movement can disrupt the viewer's experience and detract from the animation's overall quality. Animators must be detail-oriented, carefully reviewing and refining their work to ensure that the camera paths are smooth, precise, and effective.


3D Rendering: Core Challenges Persist

Rendering Techniques

In 2014, rendering involved converting 3D models and animations into 2D images or videos. This process was computationally intensive, often requiring powerful hardware and significant time. By 2024, while rendering engines have become more efficient and capable of producing photorealistic results faster, the core challenges of rendering—balancing quality with speed, managing computational resources, and dealing with complex lighting and textures—remain.

Rendering Software

Popular rendering engines such as V-Ray, Arnold, and Redshift were prominent in 2014 and continue to be in 2024. These engines have integrated more advanced features, like real-time ray tracing and AI-driven denoising, which enhance efficiency and quality. However, the fundamental processes they perform—calculating light paths, simulating materials, and composing final images—remain the same. Users still need to have a strong understanding of these processes to produce high-quality renders.

Hardware Requirements

Rendering has always demanded robust hardware, and this has not changed in 2024. While GPUs have become significantly more powerful, enabling faster render times and higher-quality outputs, they remain expensive and require significant investment. The need for high-end hardware to achieve top-tier results in rendering persists, reflecting a consistent challenge in the field.

Continuity Amidst Technological Change

Consistency in Education and Training

Educational programs and training courses for 3D modeling, animation, and rendering in 2014 focused on teaching core skills and software proficiency. This remains true in 2024, with institutions continuing to emphasize the foundational principles and techniques that underpin these disciplines. While new tools and methods are incorporated into curricula, the primary focus remains on equipping students with a strong technical and artistic foundation.

Enduring Artistic Principles

Artistic principles such as composition, color theory, and storytelling are timeless and have remained central to 3D digital art from 2014 to 2024. Regardless of technological advancements, creating visually appealing and emotionally engaging works requires an understanding of these core principles. Artists must still hone their ability to see and interpret the world creatively, applying this insight to their digital creations.

Community and Collaboration

The community aspect of 3D modeling, animation, and rendering has remained a vital component of the field. In 2014, forums, online communities, and collaborative projects were integral to learning and sharing knowledge. In 2024, these communities have only grown stronger, aided by more advanced collaborative tools and platforms. However, the essence of community-driven learning and support has not changed, highlighting the enduring nature of collective knowledge and collaboration.

Where will 3d modelling be in another decade?

Future of 3D Modeling and Animation in 2034: Predictions and Possibilities

As we look towards 2034, the fields of 3D modeling and animation are poised to undergo transformative changes driven by continuous advancements in technology. Here are some predictions and educated guesses about where these fields might be in the next decade.


Hyper-Realistic Modeling and Rendering

Photorealism as the Norm


By 2034, achieving photorealistic rendering in real-time will likely become the standard. Advances in rendering engines and graphics hardware will allow for unprecedented levels of detail and realism, making it difficult to distinguish between computer-generated imagery and real-world footage. This will impact industries such as film, video games, and virtual reality, where the demand for high fidelity visuals will only increase.


Material and Texture Libraries


Comprehensive libraries of pre-scanned materials and textures will be widely available, enabling artists to quickly apply highly detailed and physically accurate materials to their models. These libraries will be powered by AI to suggest the best materials and settings based on the context of the scene, further streamlining the modeling process.


AI-Driven Automation and Assistance

AI-Assisted Modeling


Artificial intelligence will play a crucial role in the future of 3D modeling. By 2034, AI-driven tools will assist artists in creating complex models more efficiently. These tools will be able to predict the next steps in the modeling process, suggest optimal techniques, and even generate models based on simple sketches or verbal descriptions.


Procedural Generation


Procedural generation techniques will be highly advanced, allowing for the creation of vast, detailed environments with minimal manual input. AI algorithms will be capable of generating entire cities, landscapes, and intricate structures on the fly, based on user-defined parameters and real-world data.


Enhanced Collaboration and Accessibility

Real-Time Collaboration


Real-time collaboration tools will be ubiquitous, enabling multiple artists to work on the same project simultaneously, regardless of their physical location. Cloud-based platforms will facilitate seamless sharing and version control, allowing teams to iterate quickly and efficiently.


Accessibility for All


With the democratization of powerful 3D modeling tools, individuals with little to no technical background will be able to create professional-quality models and animations. User-friendly interfaces, combined with AI assistance, will lower the barriers to entry, making 3D content creation accessible to a broader audience.


Immersive and Interactive Experiences

Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality


Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) will be integral to the modeling and animation workflow. Artists will be able to create and manipulate models within a fully immersive VR environment, allowing for a more intuitive and hands-on approach. AR will enable real-time visualization of models in real-world settings, facilitating better design decisions and client presentations.


Haptic Feedback and Gesture Controls


Haptic feedback and gesture control technologies will enhance the modeling and animation process, providing a more tactile and natural interaction with digital content. Artists will be able to feel the texture and weight of their models and use hand gestures to sculpt and animate with precision.


Seamless Integration with Other Technologies

AI and Machine Learning Integration


AI and machine learning will be deeply integrated into the modeling and animation pipeline. These technologies will automate repetitive tasks, optimize workflows, and enhance creativity by providing intelligent suggestions and real-time feedback.


Cross-Platform Compatibility


Models and animations will be easily transferable across different platforms and applications. Standardized formats and improved interoperability will ensure that assets can be used seamlessly in various contexts, from video games and films to virtual and augmented reality experiences.


Advances in Animation Techniques

Intelligent Rigging and Skinning


AI-driven rigging and skinning tools will simplify the process of preparing models for animation. These tools will automatically create optimized rigs and skins based on the model’s anatomy and intended motion, reducing the time and effort required to set up characters for animation.


Motion Capture and Performance Capture


Motion capture technology will be more accessible and sophisticated, allowing for high-fidelity performance capture using affordable and portable devices. This will enable more natural and expressive character animations, driven by real-time data from actors’ performances.


Procedural and Physics-Based Animation


Procedural animation and physics-based systems will advance significantly, allowing for more realistic and dynamic animations that respond to environmental factors and user interactions. These systems will reduce the need for manual keyframing, enabling animators to focus on fine-tuning and creative aspects.


Sustainable and Efficient Workflows

Energy-Efficient Rendering


Advances in hardware and software will lead to more energy-efficient rendering solutions. This will reduce the environmental impact of large-scale rendering projects and lower operational costs for studios and freelancers.


Green Technologies in Production


Sustainable practices will be integrated into the production pipeline, from using renewable energy sources for render farms to developing eco-friendly materials and processes for physical models and props.



Discover Top-tier 3D Rendering Services

At RealSpace 3D, we prioritize transparency, empowering you to make informed choices when selecting a 3D rendering partner. Recognizing diverse needs in budgets, timelines, and quality. Our commitment to quality and affordability is unwavering. Connect with us for your upcoming projects by reaching out.

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